- The causes for the decline and fall of the Roman Empire
- The Fall of the Roman Empire, essay by Manders
- Essay on The Fall of the Roman Empire
Many theories have been presented as to why it fell, from unsound economic and social policies to mass lead poisoning.
The causes for the decline and fall of the Roman Empire
A question that must first be addressed is whether or not Rome actually fell. There are two main theories…. This is because those societies fell, or their government collapsed beyond hope of repair. Civilizations fall for many reasons, and often for a lot of different reasons at once. Some elements led to falls more than others. The cardinal causes of the collapse of great societies are political corruption, failing economy, and foreign invasion. The first main way societies fell was from political corruption.
A good example of…. Let 's not forget the ingenious roman theater, literature, and art. Rome was the birthplace of satire and it 's wonderfully fantastic way of sarcastic humor, it 's astonishing literature including the famous work the Aeneid by Virgil, and realistic…. The Roman Empire was a powerful, imperialistic nation that dominated the world for years, due to its successful military and thriving government.
So what exactly caused the fall of Rome? Historians have debated numerous theories. The most famous explanation is the invasions of Germanic tribes. However, the internal conditions of Rome include: unstable economic conditions…. Rome was the birthplace of satire, and it 's wonderfully fantastic way of sarcastic humor; it 's astonishing literature including the famous work the….
Introduction The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires that existed in the world. This empire is known for a myriad of attacks and exploitations among other uncouth acts. The end of the Roman Empire remains to be a highly debatable issue especially the time this empire ended. For instance, Rutenburg and Eckstein review conflicting sentiments on whether the Roman Empire actually fell. The cities began to deteriorate.
By the third century, the empire was being attacked from every direction. Internally, it was suffering from sheer size, and in , it officially split into two halves, the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. In , the Western half of the Roman Empire was for all intents and purpose dead and in the hands of the various invaders.
The Eastern Roman Empire was also in decline and was plagued by wars, external and internal. There was the economic decay that accompanied the political decay. Some add Christianity to the mix, or paganism that helped to lead the Eastern Empire to fall. The Roman Empire fell because of itself. The Emperor and the Roman people should have done more to help and prevent it from falling. There are adherents to single factors, but more people think a combination of such factors as Christianity, decadence, lead, monetary trouble, and military problems caused the Fall of Eastern Rome.
The Fall of the Roman Empire, essay by Manders
The Roman Empire not only expanded, but was modified by the conquered people. The structures of the Roman government changed to deal with new situations. There are many factors that caused the3 Eastern Roman Empire to fall. The Roman Empires biggest problem with what happened to it was decadence. Everyone believes it was other problems that made the Empire fall. Most historians believe that the fall of the Roman Empire is because of decadence, army problems, and religion problems.
The Eastern Roman Empire had many problems and one is decadence, meaning weak and immoral. Decadence threw the Roman Empire into turmoil. The Roman Empire had become too big to control easily. Soldiers or families in distant parts of the Empire adopted local customs and the empire was made up not only of natives from the Italian peninsula, but barbarians from the conquered lands. Corruption became rampant. Decay from the army came from the army itself, which grew weak from too long peace and they eventually stopped wearing their protective armor.
This made them vulnerable to enemy weapons and to the temptation to flee from battle. Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the causes of destruction multiplied with the extent of conquests, and, as soon as time or accident had removed the artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight. Caesar who led Rome to its highest pinnacle of greatness, with Caligula and Nero bringing Rome into decadence in society that eventually lead to the sacking of Rome by German Barbarians and the fall of the Roman Empire.
The truth of the matter is that moral and political corruption had been a staple of Roman life from its beginning. Two senior emperors each given the title Augustus, and two junior emperors, named Caesar, each ruled from a different city, none of them being Rome. The most agreed-upon cause of the loss of Roman power in the west and east by modern historians is the Germanization of the roman armies. The fall of Rome also happened because of their armies. The armies did not have the best conditions in the beginning.
Soldiers became hungry and clad in bits of boots and ghosts of great-coats, because their officers had pocketed the soldiers rations and pay. High ranking officers detoured soldiers money into their own pockets and actuaries demanded and took kick backs. The result was mutiny. After a while the Roman Armies were replaced with barbarians. As stated on www. No general wanted regular Romans in the army.
Essay on The Fall of the Roman Empire
By the mid-fourth century the typical fighting force, as opposed to a more or less useless mass of men merely in uniform, appears to have been half imported. A generation later, imported soldiers formed the majority. Part of the reason had to do with historical circumstances, the most important of which was large-scale barbarian penetration and settlement of Roman territory.
Although most of the barbarian tribes who poured over the frontiers were German, the motive force behind the great movement of population was the Hunnic power. As also mention on www. There was not much he could do to stop it. With all the different tribes immigrating, barbarians took their chance and attacked the Roman Empire. With their attack they took down the empire for good. Religion problems had a lot to do with the fall of the empire. The emperors of Rome controlled the religion since emperors of Rome controlled the religion since emperors held the power to appoint bishops.
Over time, Church leaders became influential and took away power from the emperor. Christian beliefs conflicted with the working of the empire. The emperors had the people believe in several Gods instead of just one. The emperors had the roman people believing in paganism, which associated with the worship of Jupiter, Juno, mars, etc. As mentioned on www. Pagan religion itself had some growing weaknesses.
By associating their gods with those of the Greeks, the Romans ended up absorbing Greek attitudes toward the gods. While the original Jupiter had been the embodiment of noble principles, the Greek Zeus was quite different—a god who spent his time cuckolding mortal men. They would not swear an oath of allegiance to the emperor as a god, the equivalent of not saying the flag salute. Christianity offered as escape from the burden of the law to most of the Romans. The Christian message was also good news to slaves. In the church, slaves were received as equals, and slaves could and did rise to high position within the church.
This set up a bad message for the Roman Emperor. With Christianity around the emperor started looking like the bad guy.
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Christianity was a way for all people to be free and the emperors never wanted that to happen. The emperors could see they were losing power every day. The Gospel message promises everyone love. In the hope of avoiding the taxman, many members of the wealthy classes had even fled to the countryside and set up independent fiefdoms.
At the same time, the empire was rocked by a labor deficit. With its economy faltering and its commercial and agricultural production in decline, the Empire began to lose its grip on Europe. The fate of Western Rome was partially sealed in the late third century, when the Emperor Diocletian divided the Empire into two halves—the Western Empire seated in the city of Milan, and the Eastern Empire in Byzantium, later known as Constantinople. The division made the empire more easily governable in the short term, but over time the two halves drifted apart. East and West failed to adequately work together to combat outside threats, and the two often squabbled over resources and military aid.
As the gulf widened, the largely Greek-speaking Eastern Empire grew in wealth while the Latin-speaking West descended into economic crisis. Most importantly, the strength of the Eastern Empire served to divert Barbarian invasions to the West. Emperors like Constantine ensured that the city of Constantinople was fortified and well guarded, but Italy and the city of Rome—which only had symbolic value for many in the East—were left vulnerable.
The Western political structure would finally disintegrate in the fifth century, but the Eastern Empire endured in some form for another thousand years before being overwhelmed by the Ottoman Empire in the s. At its height, the Roman Empire stretched from the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Euphrates River in the Middle East, but its grandeur may have also been its downfall. With such a vast territory to govern, the empire faced an administrative and logistical nightmare.
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Even with their excellent road systems, the Romans were unable to communicate quickly or effectively enough to manage their holdings. Rome struggled to marshal enough troops and resources to defend its frontiers from local rebellions and outside attacks, and by the second century the Emperor Hadrian was forced to build his famous wall in Britain just to keep the enemy at bay.